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Change on 2 September 2023: EORI number becomes mandatory in import declarations  

Importer: check if your Business ID is also an EORI number.


Import means bringing in goods from a non-EU country. Upon import, goods must be cleared through Customs before they can be taken into use or resold. Customs levies duties, taxes and charges which are determined according to the commodity code, origin and customs value of the goods.

It is not necessary to clear immaterial commodities and services through Customs. These include, for example, software and e-books.

In terms of customs clearance and import taxation, it is crucial to know

  • where the goods you have ordered are dispatched from, and
  • whether goods dispatched from within the EU have been produced there or undergone customs clearance for entry to the EU.

Value added tax is levied on goods imported from outside EU’s fiscal territory.

Sanctions against Russia

On this page, we present information for businesses on the effects of the sanctions against Russia as regards import and export.