Import control of product safety and conformity
There are common EU regulations and national regulations that restrict trade in certain goods and their import from specific countries, as well as their export to specific countries. In such cases, import or export is allowed under certain conditions or it may be entirely prohibited.
Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 339/93 (NLF Regulation) entered into force on 1 January 2010. It lays down EU level provisions on the external border controls of the Community, CE conformity markings and accreditation, as well as the minimum effects of market surveillance in the Member States. The Commission has drafted instructions in collaboration with the Member States for cooperation between Customs and market surveillance authorities, in accordance with the NLF Regulation.
The import restrictions of industrial products are imposed on certain textile and clothing products. You will need an import licence to import them. Import licences for agricultural products are applied for from the Finnish Agency for Rural Affairs and the other licences are granted by Customs. In the Finnish Customs Tariff and in the TARIC database, you will find information about the licences required for the commodity code and country of origin in question.
The international trade in endangered plants and animals is subject to CITES regulations.
Sometimes the trade is restricted with very detailed regulations. This applies, for instance, to products that can be used for armament or the war industry (dual-use goods). The Ministry for Foreign Affairs is in charge of controlling the export of dual-use products.
The Customs restriction manual features all of the statutory import, export and transit restrictions in which Customs is designated as the supervising authority. The restriction manual consists of separate sections that are grouped according to goods that are subject to restrictions. In each section, the restrictions involved with particular goods are clarified with regard to different customs procedures.