Before starting export

Find out in advance, whether or not there are restrictions regarding the export of the goods

Find out about the restrictions and requirements of the country of destination. Ask the transport company about transport restrictions.

Check the commodity code of the goods in advance

Find out if the goods get exemption from customs duty or lowered tariff treatment in the destination country; this lowers the costs for the buyer

Obtain the registrations and IDs needed to submit a declaration

Declare your export to Customs in advance – the goods must be placed under the export procedure

Loading can begin when Customs has approved the export declaration

You can request a corrections or invalidation if something goes wrong or if, for instance, the export is cancelled

Find the commodity code of your goods in advance

The commodity code of the goods determines whether or not there is an export restriction, prohibition or a ban in place regarding the goods. Find the commodity code of your goods in advance.

Find out which export restrictions and prohibitions apply – a possible export licence must be applied for in advance

The export of some goods are subject to restrictions or is prohibited by either Union or national regulations. Furthermore, there are regional export and economic sanctions in place. Such goods include e.g.:

  • products that deplete the ozone layer
  • dual-use items
  • hazardous chemicals
  • weapons
  • used electrical goods
  • waste.

Ask the right licensing authorities whether you need an export licence or whether exporting the goods is prohibited. EU’s export restrictions can be checked by commodity code in the EU’s Taric database. 

The export licences are always granted by the administering authority. Export licences for dual-use products are for example granted by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Find out about the restrictions and requirements of the country of destination. Good sources of information are e.g. Business Finland  (former Finpro), the Shipping Handbook, embassies, Enterprise Finland Services, the Market Access database of the EU Commission, your forwarding agency as well as shipping companies and airlines or another transport operator.

Register as an export customer

The business must have an EORI number in order to register as export customer. During the registration process, businesses are given code extensions to be used with their business ID (e.g. T0001), and with it the name and address information of the business are transferred automatically to the export system of Customs. Registration is free of charge.

Registration is mandatory for exporters with at least five export consignments per year.

Importers and exporters will need an EORI number assigned by Customs for trade with non-EU countries (Customer notice 21 April 2020)


Points to consider

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General instructions for businesses

General instructions for businesses offers advice from Monday to Friday 8 am–4.15 pm. Have a look at the FAQ or contact us with your question.

Customs Information Service