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Monthly statistics on the international trade in goods, December 2020

26.2.2021 9.00



Finnish Customs, Statistics

Export volume increased while export prices fell in December

The value of Finnish exports of goods increased by 7.1 per cent year-on-year in December, according to the international trade in goods statistics provided by Finnish Customs. The value of Finnish exports was EUR 6.1 billion. Export volume increased by 9.9 per cent, but export prices decreased by 1.8 per cent year-on-year. The value of imports declined by 4.6 per cent in December to EUR 5.0 billion. Import prices decreased by 0.1 per cent and import volumes by 4.6 per cent compared to December 2019. During year 2020, the aggregated value of exports decreased by 11.9 per cent and the value of imports by 9.8 per cent compared with the corresponding period last year.

In December 2020, the trade balance showed a surplus of EUR 1.0 billion. But in 2020, the trade balance had a deficit of EUR 2.1 billion. The deficit was EUR 1.3 billion larger than in the corresponding period last year. The aggregated trade balance surplus by commodity group decreased in the trade in forest industry products and metal products in January-December compared with the corresponding period last year. The surplus in the trade in industrial machinery and equipment increased slightly from the corresponding period last year. The deficit increased in the trade in transport equipment and electrical machinery and equipment, but decreased in the trade in oil and petroleum products and foodstuffs.

The terms of trade weakened in December compared to the corresponding month of 2019 as export prices fell more than import prices. The point figure in December was 96.9, while it was 98.6 in December 2019. The terms of trade weakened also from November 2020.

The value of exports of capital goods decreased by 0.3 per cent, but the value of exports of industrial supplies increased by 13.9 per cent in December. The value of exports of fuels and lubricants decreased by 27.1 per cent. The value of exports of consumer goods decreased by 4.8 per cent and the value of exports of food and beverages by 5.0 per cent. The value of exports of transport equipment and parts and accessories increased by 19.3 per cent.

The value of imports of food and beverages decreased by 3.0 per cent, but the value of imports of consumer goods increased by 11.9 per cent. The value of imports of industrial supplies decreased by 8.0 per cent. The value of imports of capital goods decreased by 1.4 per cent, but the value of imports of transport equipment rose by 11.7 per cent. The sharpest decline in the value of imports was for fuels and lubricants. The value of imports fell by 34.6 per cent in December compared with the corresponding month last year.

Exports to EU countries fell by 16.7 per cent, but exports to non-EU countries increased by 43.7 per cent in December. Imports from EU countries increased by 2.7 per cent, but imports from non-EU countries decreased by 14.1 per cent in December.

In January-December, exports to EU countries declined by 12.8 per cent and to non-EU countries by 10.8 per cent. During the same period imports from EU countries decreased by 7.4 per cent and from non-EU countries by 13.1 per cent.

Table 1. Total development (e million)

Direction December 2019 December 2020 Change % January-December 2019 January-December 2020 Change %
Exports (fob) 5 654 6 057 7,1 65 054 57 332 -11,9
Imports (cif) 5 287 5 044 -4,6 65 851 59 420 -9,8
Balance 367 1 013   -797 -2 088  

Table 2. International trade indexes (2010=100)

Index December 2019 December 2020 Change %
2020:12/2020:11
Change %
2020:12/2019:12
Mean *
2020:01-2020:12
Change %
2020:01-2020:12/
2019:01-2019:12
Volume index exports 108,3 119,1 20,4 9,9 93,7 -8,9
Volume index imports 102,5 97,7 -4,2 -4,6 97,6 -8,2
Unit value index exports 117,6 115,5 1,6 -1,8 114,7 -3,3
Unit value index imports 119,4 119,2 2,6 -0,1 116,2 -1,3

* Moving 12-months averages


Free access to detailed statistics on the international trade in goods through Uljas https://uljas.tulli.fi

Further information:
Kaarna, Anssi tel. +358 40 332 1853
Telasuo, Christina tel. +358 40 332 1828
forename.surname[at]tulli.fi

Figure 1. Exports and imports of Finland 2017-2020, December 2020
  • Figure 1. Exports and imports of Finland 2017-2020, December 2020
  • Figure 2. Trade balance in combined SITC commodity groups, January-December 2019 and 2020

Asiasanat
Monthly statistics on the international trade Official Statistics of Finland
Seuraava julkistus

31.3.2021