Quality description: International trade transports

1. Relevance of the statistical data

1.1 Data content and use of the statistics

International trade statistics provide information on the transport volumes of Finnish imports and exports by mode of transport and by goods category, as well as by country of destination and departure. The statistics show the volumes of Finnish imports and exports in tonnes and the statistical values of the goods carried. The data is sorted by mode of transport according to the active means of transport used for importing or exporting goods across the border. The data has also been grouped according to country and goods category. The statistical material also includes returned and repaired goods. Transits are not included in the transport statistics.

The statistics on external trade container traffic include data on container traffic between Finland and non-EU countries by countries of departure (import) and by countries of destination (export). The statistics contain all the countries outside the EU in 2002. In other respects, the statistics on external trade container traffic correspond to the statistics on mode of transport.

1.2 Central concepts and classifications

The compilation of statistics on commodities is based on the UN's Standard International Trade Classification, SITC, Rev. Rev.4, as of 2007, and on the Commodity Classification for Transport Statistics in Europe (CSTE).  The country classification is based on the Commission Regulation (EC No. 1106/2012) on the country classification of the statistics on the Community external trade and the trade between the Member States. The country codes comply with those of the ISO/DIS 3166 standard of the International Organization for Standardization.

1.3 Laws and regulations

There is no legal basis for the compilation of transport statistics.

2. Method description

The data on mode of transport is collected from the data provided by businesses on their statistical declarations on intra-EU trade and the data provided in external trade customs declarations. The data on both internal and external trade are combined when compiling the Finnish international trade statistics. The data on transport modes is also combined then.

3. Correctness and accuracy of the data

The international trade transport statistics are published monthly and quarterly. As a rule, all goods exported from and imported into Finland are recorded in the statistics. The prerequisite for inclusion in the statistics is that the goods physically arrive in or depart from this country.

The statistics published in the Uljas service are revised monthly until the closing of the statistical year.  

4. Timeliness and punctuality of the published data

The transport statistics are published monthly within nine weeks after the end of the statistical month.

The quarter data is published in the Monthly publication on the international trade and the yearly data in the Annual publication on the international trade.  An annual survey on the transport statistics is published in March - April following the statistical year. The publishing schedule is available on the Finnish Customs website.

5. Accessibility and transparency of the data

More information on international trade transports and on all other international trade statistics is available on the Finnish Customs website, under “Statistics”. On these pages, you find the principles of the collection of international trade statistics as well as all the surveys on Finnish international trade published by the Finnish Customs.

Further information is also available from the Statistics Service at:
- telephone: +358 295 5200 (exchange) or +358 295 52335 (Statistics Service direct)
- e-mail: statistics[at]tulli.fi
- Internet: www.tulli.fi
- Statistical database Uljas: uljas.tulli.fi

6. Comparability of the statistics

The data has been collected since 1965.  The statistics are available in the Uljas service since 2002.

7. Clarity and integrity/coherence

The data on mode of transport is collected from the data provided by businesses on their statistical declarations on intra-EU trade and the data provided in external trade customs declarations.


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