What is EORI?
EORI is an EU-wide system for the registration and identification of economic operators. Most customs declarations in the EU require that an EORI number be provided. In Finland, Customs is the authority responsible for assigning the EORI number, and Finnish companies are always registered for EORI in Finland. Registering for EORI means that Customs assigns the company an EORI number that the company must use to identify itself when transacting with customs authorities in any EU member state.
The EORI number is made up of a country code, FI, and the Business ID. You can check from the EORI number validation service if your company already has a valid EORI number.
EORI is short for Economic Operators Registration and Identification System.
Do I need an EORI number?
If your company lodges any of the following declarations, you need an EORI number:
- export declaration
- import declaration
- entry summary declaration
- summary declaration for temporary storage
- presentation notification
- upon arrival, unloading report on goods in temporary storage
- transit declaration
- exit summary declaration
- “arrival at exit” notification
- exit manifest presentation
- exit notification.
Any transport operators mentioned in the above declarations must also be registered for EORI.
Note that if your company has registered as an exporter with Customs, it has already been assigned an EORI number.
How do I apply for an EORI number?
Finnish companies are always registered in Finland. You apply for an EORI number from Customs. Registering for EORI means that Customs assigns the company one EORI number that the company must use to identify itself when transacting with customs authorities in any EU member state.
Finnish applicants are to apply using the EORI application form.
Operators established in third countries (outside the European Union) must use the form in English.
The EU Commission’s EORI Guidance document contains more specific information on registering for EORI and on the application of related legislation.
How long will the application process take?
The average processing time for applications is two working days. Therefore, we recommend that economic operators who don’t yet have an EORI number apply for registration at least two working days before they lodge a customs declaration.
If your application is urgent, you should mention this when sending the application so that Customs can try to speed up the processing.