The statistical value is the cost of the item within the borders of Finland with some additional costs, such as freight and insurance, if they are not included in the trade price. When necessary, deliveries free of charge not included in the price, are also added to the statistical value.
The value of partly or completely gratuitous goods is determined according to the price that would be acquired upon selling the goods.
Exchange rates confirmed by Customs are applied when determining the statistical value in export. The statistical value is given in euros.
Tax-free sales to travellers are supervised by the Finnish Tax Administration. According to the bulletin ‘Tax-free sales to travellers - Guidance for retailers’ released by the Tax Administration, sales to travellers comprise sales of goods to travellers who reside continuously outside the EU or outside Norway and who buy goods in Finland and export the goods as unused from Finland in their personal luggage.
There are no value limits in tax-free sales to travellers except for the minimum value of 40 euros. A buyer pays value added tax at the time of purchase, but gets a partial or total refund upon later presenting an account in accordance with section 8 in the value added tax act (a verification stamped by Customs or an invoice by a refund company) on the goods having been taken out of the EU territory.
The bulletin ‘Tax-free sales to travellers - Guidance for retailers’ is available on the Tax Administration’s website www.vero.fi
An export declaration is lodged in the following situations:
- A foreign entrepreneur picks up the goods personally (Ex Works) and takes them immediately outside the EU. The retailer lodges an export declaration in their own name. The sales are exempt from tax for the company in question.
- A traveller (not an entrepreneur) buys the goods, and the retailer delivers the goods to the buyer either personally or through a transport company so that the goods are given to the recipient only at the Finnish border. The retailer lodges a customs declaration in their own name, and the goods delivered to a traveller can be sold as exempt from tax under this arrangement.
- The retailer can lodge an export declaration in the traveller’s name and hand over the goods normally in connection with the sale. In these cases, sales are subject to tax. The buyer is declared as the exporter, and the retailer who submits the export declaration is declared as the agent. This arrangement involves tax-free passenger sales, which means that the retailer must also comply with the regulations issued by the Tax Administration. Both the sales voucher and the export declaration must be presented to Customs at the place of exit.
- If Customs at the customs office of exit finds that a traveller has actually bought goods for commercial purposes, the traveller can be required to lodge an export declaration stating the traveller as the exporter.
When delivering goods on board a vessel or aircraft in Finland, the supplier asks the vessel/aircraft representative to sign the export accompanying document (EAD), and then adds the signed document to its acconts as proof.
It is also possible for a supplier to obtain a decision on release with confirmation of exit for their accounts by presenting Customs with the accompanying document signed by the vessel/aircraft representative.
Read more: Confirmation of exit
An electronic declaration concerning vessel or aircraft supplies is processed in the same way as a complete export declaration, with certain exceptions.
The export declaration concerning vessel or aircraft supplies is easier to draft than a normal export declaration, because only three summarising TARIC codes are used as tariff headings for ship supplies: 99302400 foodstuffs, 99302700 fuels and 99309900 other goods.
It is not necessary to provide export safety and security information or exit declarations.
Read more: Ship supply procedure
When goods are ordered from a company for delivery on board a vessel or aircraft, an electronic export declaration must be submitted to Customs concerning the delivery. The customs declaration must be submitted well in advance of the delivery onto the ship, so that Customs has the possibility to inspect the goods.
A company that regularly delivers goods to ships can apply for an authorisation from Customs to use a simplified declaration procedure, where instead of an export declaration, a summarising declaration is submitted to Customs for several different consignments.
Read more: Ship supply procedure
In international traffic, vessels and aircraft require various goods and supplies for their operations, such as fuels and lubricants, provisions and various goods to be installed and used in maintenance and repairs. In customs legislation, deliveries of these goods are referred to as vessel and aircraft supplies.
Vessel and aircraft supplies also include goods which are delivered exempt from tax for sales purposes and for imports as gifts.
For vessel and aircraft supplies, it is required that the goods are ordered in the name of a shipping company or an airline. Goods meant for use by vessel personnel are treated as passenger imports and exports.
Read more: Ship supply procedure
This refers to the supplier’s declaration for a single consignment of products having preferential origin status in accordance with annex 22-15 of the Implementing Regulation 2015/2447.
”I the undersigned declare that the goods listed on this document _ _ _ _ _ (1) originate in _ _ _ _ _ (2) and satisfy the rules of origin governing preferential trade with Switzerland, Tunisia and Morocco (3).
I declare that (4):
- (X ) Cumulation applied with Norway
- ( ) No cumulation applied.
In box 3, the contracting country is entered (e.g. Switzerland), where the buyer has declared that he intends to export the goods. The prerequisite is that the goods fulfil the conditions of origin of the free trade agreement between the EU and Switzerland.
The buyer may have asked the seller to register in box 3 all the free trade agreements within the EU, in case the buyer wants to export goods to several EU contracting countries. Here you can only register the contracting parties with which the conditions in the rules of origin are fulfilled, though.
If an applied cumulation e.g. with Norway is declared in box 4, then the prerequisites in the rules of origin in box 3 can only be fulfilled in agreements between countries that are part of the Euro-Mediterranean agreement network.
The supplier’s declaration is a document used mainly in EU internal trade to prove the origin of the goods.
The buyer of the goods may need a supplier’s declaration from the seller, to be able to draft a certificate of origin to receive preferential treatment of the goods when the goods are sold to a contracting country in the EU. A supplier’s declaration can also be drafted to declare to the buyer the EU portion of the EU internal transaction. The buyer can, in this case, take advantage of this EU portion when processing the goods further and thus receive preferential treatment.
- If the value of the originating goods in the consignment exceeds 6,000 euros, the exporter must have a written approved exporter’s authorisation granted by Customs with a company-specific authorisation number. Based on this authorisation, the approved exporter can issue specified declarations of origin on the commercial documents of export consignments (generally on the export company’s invoices). The number of the authorisation granted by Customs to the exporter is included in the declarations of origin. See the page How to provide proof of origin, section Approved exporter
- If the value of the originating products in the consignment does not exceed 6,000 euros, any exporter can personally draft a standard-form declaration of origin on a consignment’s commercial document (usually the selling company's invoice). Then the declaration of origin must contain the handwritten signature of the exporter.
- The person who submits the declaration of origin must always, with a document, be able to prove the originating status of the goods in the consignment. When drafting declarations of origin, this documented proof should be available to the company and to Customs.
Under certain circumstances, the EUR.1 movement certificate can be submitted retrospectively for the goods mentioned in the certificate, if
- it was not issued at the time of exportation because of errors, involuntary omissions or special circumstances, or
- it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the customs authorities that an EUR.1 movement certificate was issued but was not accepted at importation for technical reasons.
An EUR.1 movement certificate issued retrospectively shall in box 7 be endorsed with the following phrase: ‘ISSUED RETROSPECTIVELY’.
The flip side, i.e. the ‘exporter’s declaration’, of the application part of the EUR.1 movement certificate mentions what the exporter should fill in. The exporter should mention under which conditions the product has become the originating product mentioned in the certificate.
What has to be filled in depends on what is required for gaining originating status, according to the rules of origin for the product (commodity code). The product can, for example, be wholly obtained in the EU (e.g. grain grown and processed in the EU). The product can be sufficiently worked, for example in such a way that the amount of non-originating components does not exceed the maximum amount allowed. Depending on the commodity code the rule can, for instance, further state that the non-originating component used belongs under a different commodity code than the end product (export product). In other words, what the exporter needs to mention here, depends on the rule of origin regarding the commodity code of the export product.
In the footnote of the exporter’s declaration are examples of documents, which can be used to provide proof of the correctness of the declared origin. The exporter should mention in this section, which documents they have for proving the origin.
Yes, they can. The protocols of the rules of origin in free trade agreements actually state that the exporter or their representative with power of attorney, can fill in the EUR.1 movement certificate and the application part of the form.
The endorsement of EUR.1 movement certificates is primarily done by post. The certificates can be sent to any customs office for endorsement. The EUR.1 movement certificate can also be endorsed over the counter at any customs office with customer service: Contact information and postal addresses.
For frequent exportation of originating products, the exporter should apply for the status of approved exporter. Then the exporter can personally draft a standard-form declaration of origin to the consignment’s commercial document and an EUR.1 movement certificate endorsed by Customs is not needed.
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